Gore is a town, surrounding borough, and district in the Southland region of the South Island of New Zealand.
The Gore District has a land area of 1,251.62 km² (483.25 sq mi) and a resident population of 12,250 (June 2009 estimate).
The town of Gore is 64 km northeast of Invercargill and 70 km west of Balclutha—Dunedin and Invercargill are the nearest cities. The urban area estimated resident population at the June 2009 estimate was 9,740 , the second largest in Southland. Gore is a service town for the surrounding farm communities.
It is divided by the Mataura River into Gore and East Gore, the majority of the town being situated on the western banks of the river. The Main South Line railway from Dunedin to Invercargill runs through the town, though passenger services ceased in 2003. Gore was once a busy railway junction; the Waimea Plains Railway ran west to connect with the Kingston Branch in Lumsden, while the Waikaka Branch connected with the Main South Line nearby in McNab. One of New Zealand’s most famous preserved trains is the Kingston Flyer, which takes its name from a passenger express that once ran between Kingston and Gore.
Gore is known in New Zealand folklore as the home of Hokonui moonshine. During the days of prohibition, the Hokonui Hills to the west of the town gained a reputation for the production of illicit alcohol.
Gore’s local radio station Hokonui Gold broadcasts from within the town